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Hangzhou's Eleven Unique Cultural Treasures 2019-11-06

Recently, Zhejiang Tourism Bureau of Culture and Tourism has released the list of Zhejiang provincial culture and art centers, among which eleven are from Hangzhou.

Zhongshan Stone Carving


Walking into Zhongshan Village in Tonglu County, people will see all the pavilions, flower beds, even tables and chairs, floors in farmers' houses are made of granite engraved with exquisite patterns. Artists in Zhongshan Village integrate the characteristics of local stones with traditional engraving techniques passed down from generation to generation to form a unique style of folk stone engravings- Zhongshan Stone Carving (钟山石雕).


Traditional Singing and Dancing


Tuankou Town in Lin'an County is abundant in various folk culture and art forms and all enjoy an age-long history. Changhua Folk Song (昌化民歌) mainly features three tones, which are flower drum, lotus and folk song. Another provincial intangible cultural heritage "Red-haired Lion (红毛狮子)" is characterized by all sorts of movements, all demonstrating peoples' good wishes for a beautiful life and peace and happiness for all villagers.


Skill in Wielding 18 Kinds of Weapons


Yuhang District's Skill in Wielding 18 Kinds of Weapons (十八般武艺) is evolved from methods of how to fight with 18 Chinese ancient weapons. It is a folk martial art integrating bodybuilding, self-defense, competition and entertainment. It has infused the way of fighting with knives, cudgels and fixes and the use of tactics of deployment of troops with that of Wuchang Area in Xixi.


Dragon Dancing


Yinhu Street in Fuyang has a long history in performing dragon dancing. It formed its dragon dancing team as early as the Qing Dynasty and villagers know a lot of dragon dancing tricks. For example, their dragon can eject fire and smoke; the entire dragon glow in light on Lantern Festival. Besides traditional tricks, dragon dancing in Fuyang can do over twenty kinds of tricks.


Chun'an Bamboo Horse


Chun'an Bamboo Horse (竹马) was originally from the Southern Song Dynasty and is commonly known as "Bamboo Horse Dancing". It is a traditional dance prevailing in Chun'an County. There are five types of bamboo horses, red, yellow, green, white and black ones and every one of them is lifelike and features fine workmanship. The performance of Bamboo Horse is usually done by a team of three males and two females or two males and three females. They are dressed in ancient Chinese costumes, dancing, singing, chanting and forming certain patterns and the number of patterns is up to 108 kinds.


Xiaoshan Laces


For its excellent workmanship, diverse patterns and such features as being exquisite and durable, Xiaoshan Laces (萧山花边) sell well both in China and abroad and have been exported to over 60 countries and areas. Its production requires four major procedures and 20 small procedures. In 2005, Xiaoshan Laces have been included on the list of Zhejiang provincial intangible cultural heritages.


Dragon Boat


Jiangcun Dragon Boat (蒋村龙舟) first started in the Tang Dynasty and reached its heyday in the Ming and Qing dynasties. It was given the name "Dragon Boat Pageant (龙舟胜会)" by Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty who was deeply attracted to the fierce competition scene during his inspection tour to Jiangnan Region. The current Jiangcun Dragon Boat Competition has been inscribed on the list of Zhejiang Provincial Intangible Cultural Heritage Representative Items


Folk Games

The Folk Games in Pengbu Street of Jianggan District were very popular during China's republic period and initial post-liberation period. They are easy to learn, suitable for both children and adults and can be done in all type of sites. The folk games here refer to human-posed horse jumping, shuttlecock kicking, hoop rolling, rope jumping, etc.


Bamboo Flute


Zhongtai Bamboo Flute (中泰竹笛) is made of bitter bamboos after over 70 complex procedures. It has been valued and loved by the music circle for its fine workmanship, exquisite materials, elegant sound and unique style.


Hecun Village Embroidered Shoes


Hecun Village Embroidered Shoes (合村绣花鞋) originated in the Baoying Period of the Tang Dynasty. The embroidered shoes by Hecun people are purely made by hands. The basic patterns of embroidered shoes are flowers, birds, grass and insects, birds and beasts, mountains and landscapes, dramatic figures, etc. Villagers pad specially processed bamboo shoots and leaves into the soles of shoes to absorb moisture, enabling feet to breathe freely and keep fit.

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