Si Cheng Church (思澄堂)
Si Cheng Church is the oldest and largest Protestant Church in Hangzhou. It was so named to commemorate Zhang Chengzhai (张澄斋) — its first clergyman (“Si Cheng” means appreciating the effort of Zhang Chengzhai). Si Cheng Church originated from the eighth year of Xianfeng reign of Qing Dynasty (1858). Back then, the Presbyterian missionaries including Zhang Chengzhai came to Hangzhou to preach. Originally, they just rented a five-room house in Pishi Lane (皮市巷) as a church. As the congregation continually grew, the construction of a new church was put on the agenda. Zhang Baoqing (张宝庆), the son of Zhang Chengzhai was the first one to donate money to construct the church. Also with the help from home and abroad, Si Cheng Church was finally completed in 1927.
Si Cheng Church is a three-floor construction, applying the symmetric structure of Chinese architecture. From a bird’s eye view, the construction complex of Si Cheng Church is shaped like a cross. Its outer wall was built by bricks, and the second and third floors were paved by wood. The church is a perfect combination of Chinese culture and western culture. Many ancient Chinese architectural elements can be seen here like the dovetail eaves and upturned roof corners, especially the Chinese garden style windows which is unique in Chinese churches.
Add: No.132, Jiefang Road, Hangzhou (解放路132号)
Phoenix Mosque (凤凰寺)
Situated on Zhongshan Road, Phoenix Mosque covers an area of 2,000 square meters. It's one of the Four Famous ancient Islamic Mosque in China which enjoys high prestige in Arab countries. As it resembles a phoenix spreading the wings, the mosque was then called Phoenix Mosque.
Originally constructed in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Phoenix Mosque has undergone some renovations over the years. In 1646, the government of Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) reconstructed the mosque, making it one of the largest Islamic Mosques at the time. In 1961, it was listed as one of the cultural relics under provincial protection. Now, it has become the service center of local Moslems in Hangzhou.
Enclosed by tall brick walls, Phoenix Mosque mainly consists of a foyer, an auditorium and a great hall, with the great hall the most important part. Constructed during the Yuan Dynasty (1368—1644), the great hall is beamless with a square roof linked by three pavilion roofs. These three pavilion roofs can be traced back to the Song Dynasty (960–1279), and the middle one was carved with “Koran”. In Phoenix Pavilion are also well preserved some ancient steles from which one can see the development of Phoenix Mosque as well as the cultural communication between western Muslims and Chinese Muslims.
Add: No.227, Middle Zhongshan Road (杭州市中山中路227号)
Hangzhou Catholic Church (杭州天主教堂)
Originally known as Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception (圣母无原罪主教座堂), Hangzhou Catholic Church was built in 1659 by an Italian Jesuit Martino Martini. It is the largest Catholic Church in Hangzhou and was listed as one of the cultural relics under the protection of Zhejiang Province in 2011.
Featuring Romanesque style, the church is characterized by semi-circular arches. The church is divided by two rows of columns into three halls. Lavishly decorated, it’s said to be the most beautiful church in China. There are three altars in the main church hall with the central one for Christ while two side altars for St. Peter and St. Paul. In the church are also a large number of frescoes about Jesus painted all over the church.
Add: No.415 North Zhongshan Road, Hangzhou (杭州市中山北路415号)
Chong Yi Church (崇一堂)
Covering an area of 7,299 square meters, it's the largest church for Chinese in the world at present. It can accommodate 5,500 people at the same time. Besides being a nice place to worship, its marvelous structure has made it a new landmark building of Hangzhou. The building materials: granites and black bricks (a typical material in Jiangnan style buildings) nicely demonstrate the solemnity of the church and the characteristics of Chinese architecture. Different from traditional cross-shaped churches, Chongyi Church is fan-shaped without a column. The ceiling above the spacious choir loft is over 200 feet and the prominent white cross on the roof is 60 feet tall.
Add: No. 26, Xintang Road, Hangzhou (杭州市新塘路26号)