Boasting one of three causeways of West Lake Scenic Area, Yanggong Causeway or the Causeway of Lord Yang is the most famous counterpart of Bai Causeway and Su Causeway, both of which are accepted as the landmarks of West Lake Scenic Area. It is named after Yang Mengying, who used to be the governor of Hangzhou in Ming Dynasty. This causeway was built by this official, and his surname was used as part of the name in memory of his contribution to refine the profile of West Lake and Hangzhou. He managed to dredge the West Lake.
Today, Yanggong Causeway Scenic Area is a big highlight of West Lake generally constituted of Qu Yuan Feng He (Breeze-ruffled Lotus at Quyuan Garden)，Jinshagang Scenic Site, Flower Nursery, Maojiabu, Turtle Pool, Yihu Bay and Hua Gang Guan Yu (Viewing Fish at Flower Pond,). They together shape the fabulous landscape and cultural heritage of Yanggong Causeway. As the youngest causeway in West Lake Scenic Area, Yanggong Causeway at present is the main traffic avenue for tourists' going and coming. When you view the scenery of West Lake, This part is unavoidable.
Qu Yuan Feng He ( Breeze-ruffled Lotus at Quyuan Garden )Qu Yuan Feng He (Breeze-ruffled Lotus at Quyuan Garden), well-known for its pink lotus blossoms and green lotus leaves swaying along with summer breeze, is one of Ten Top Views of West Lake Scenic Area. This view has a story, which was related to Emperor Kangxi, who was the greatest ruler of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It was said that this scene captured the attention of Emperor Kangxi. He indulged himself into the beauty and wrote the name for this site. Today, the royal inscription stele is well preserved and still stands in the park. Qu Yuan Feng He actually is the largest lotus park of China with a size of 300, 000 square meters. In South Song Dynasty (1127-1279), this site was a famous workshop of making wine. In summertime, the bouquet of wine mixed with the fragrance of lotus had the whole site well known. Nowadays, the wine workshop has been reconstructed, and travelers even take a close look at the procedure of traditional wine making. Used to be an exclusive park of Emperor, today, it is an open and free park for sightseeing and leisure.
Jinshagang (Golden Sand Harbor)
Golden Sand Stream flowing into the lake is the largest water source of West Lake. This is a stream actually located in Jinshagang or Golden Sand Harbor, which is a famous tourist site. It is so named for its quality and clear sand shining like the gold. In history, many famous people left their footprints here. Gai Jiaotian (1888-1971), a modern master of Peking Opera lived here for half of his life. It is also the ideal site for tents and picnic. Jinshagang is popular with the citizens as the perfect place for leisure and outdoor activities.
Little Hidden Garden (小隐园) is made of red sandalwood with winding corridors and the ancient-style carved windows. It is close to Former Residence of Gai Jiaotian and today serves as a resort to view chrysanthemums. The origin could be back to a period of South Song Dynasty, which was Shian Garden at the time. Behind this garden, there is a sad story - It's said there used to be a Lady Chrysanthemum good at both singing and dancing. She was working in court at the time; however, she got sick and resigned from the court. A eunuch, Chen Yuan admired her so much that he employed her to work in the Little Hidden Garden. For her incredible talent, Lady Chrysanthemum was again invited to work in the court which made Chen Yuan unable to see her performances, and he later died of love-sickness. Additionally, apart from this site, two other sites Tianze Pavilion (天泽楼) and Around-the-Jade Lakeside Residence (环碧湖舍) also deserve a travel or staying for a cup of tea.
Hangzhou Flower Nursery
Originally built in 1956 and known as the best site to view varieties of flowers in Hangzhou, Hangzhou Flower Nursery is popular with the girls and couples. It is even compared to be a pearl by West Lake, thanks to its flowers blooming in four seasons. the area is 300,000 square meters or so with more than 2,000 kinds of flowers. generally comprised of nine parts - miniascape, Chinese roses, rchids, chrysanthemums, herbaceous flowers, aquatic flowers, greenhouse flowers, tree peonies and herbaceous peonies. These flowers are mostly produced in China.
MaojiabuMaojiabu is a natural landscape site named after its wide-spread cough grasses (mao). Its rustic view and the local village makes this site in a tranquility far from the hustle and bustle downtown city. Compared to other scenic spots, it’s kind of off the beaten track which somehow contributes to its good preservation of its original style. In Maojiabu, Sipping a cup of tea while enjoying the golden swaying couch grasses would be a good option. What is more, Maojiabu used to be a multi-transfer center for water transportation and land transportation. Also, it is a meeting site for Buddhists, which formed its influential role in Buddhism history of Hangzhou.
In this way, Maojiabu actually plays an important role of display window to show the Buddhism culture of Hangzhou and the life styles of waterside villagers. Historic sites such as Former Residence of Du Jinsheng (都锦生故居), Zuibai Tower (醉白楼, Drunken Bai refers to Bai Juyi — the then governor of Hangzhou) and Reclining Dragon Bridge (卧龙桥) have been well restored and preserved over there.The Turtle PoolThe Turtle Pool resembles a turtle if viewed from the hills nearby.This is the origin of its name. Actually, it was a natural wetland where human, animals and plants coexist harmoniously. In different season, different view can be enjoyed. winding banks linked with islets by wooden bridges, hills bathing in water, all kinds of hydrophytic plants growing in and around the water area, waterside thatched pavilions and houses standing side by side. the main tourist sites being worth a visit are the Memorial of Yu Qian, who was a honorable official and patriot of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Yongfu Bridge, which was an old site built in Ming Dynasty. Yuhu BayYuhu Bay is an old site that known as early as the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The natural scenery and the perfect environment are the spotlight. The main tourist attractions deserving a travel include Zijiu Thatched House (子久草堂, the former residence of Huang Gongwang, a noted painting master of Yuan Dynasty), the Memorial Gateway in Memory of the Top Winner of the Imperial Martial Examination (武状元坊), Rainbow Bridge (霁虹桥), Reminiscence of Ancient Noted Personages at Santai Hill (三台梦迹). They are the historic heritage, partially releasing the ancient times of Hangzhou. Viewing Fish at Flower Pond (Huagang Park)Hua Gang Guan Yu ( Viewing Fish at Flower Pond ) is also one of top ten views of West Lake with three spotlights - the fish, the flower and the stream. In the Red Carp Pond , tourists will view the red carps, which is considered as the chief attraction of the park. And then, the Peony Garden is the second valued site. It collects a variety of precious peonies and over 200 kinds of flowers. They boom in different season, and are praised as the Kingdom of Flowers, Furthermore, the garden’s design is also unique - a sino-west gardening style. The stream in the park interlinking the West Inner Lake and the Small South Lake encloses the whole park. Generally, the tourists who take a cruise tour on West Lake usually berth their boats here. Hua Gang Guan Yu is a site also an activity for leisure and interaction.