General Yue Fei (1103–1142) was a patriotic national hero of Southern Song Dynasty (1127–1279) who was widely admired.
Brief of Yue Fei's Tomb at Qixia Ridge
General Yue Fei (1103–1142) was a patriotic national hero of Southern Song Dynasty (1127–1279) who was widely admired. However, he was framed by the devious Prime Minister—Qin Hui (秦桧,1090-1155) and murdered for crimes he didn’t commit. In 1163, he was proved to be innocent and his corpse was reburied at the present site.
General Yue Fei's Mausoleum is located in the southern foot of Qixia Hill (栖霞山), north of Su Causeway (苏堤). Whenever the sun sets, there are colorful clouds resting over the tomb of General Yue Fei, which is marvelous. Here also buried Yue Yun (岳雲, 1119-1142), Yue Fei's eldest son who was executed together with his father. At the gate to the tomb yard are four cast iron statues: Qin Hui and his wife on one side, and Moqi Xie (万俟卨), a court official, and Zhang Jun (张俊), a general, on the other. These four traitors kneel down in pairs, with their hands tied behind their backs, on whom visitors cast despising glances. As the couplet that flanks the gate aptly puts it:
The green hill is fortunate to be the burial ground of a loyal general, (青山有幸埋忠骨)
The white iron was innocent to be cast into the statues of traitors. (白铁无辜铸佞臣)
This couplet expresses people's great profound respect for General Yue Fei and deep hatred for the four murderers condemned by history.