Ge Hong (284 - 364)

Ge Hong (284 - 364), whose Taoist name is Baopuzi, was a noted alchemist, medical scientist and an important figure in Taoism during the Jin Dynasty (263-420) of China. He had written a considerable number of books about medicine which laid the solid foundation for the development of traditional Chinese medicine. ‘Baopuzi’, one of his most important works, describes alchemy in detail and also introduces his personal opinions on the aesthetics and literature that have influenced later generations. Other than these achievements Ge Hong also had some accomplishments in music and literature.

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Lin Bu (967 - 1028)

Lin Bu (967 - 1028), from Qiantang of Hangzhou, was a distinguished poet of the Southern Song Dynasty. Hard working at a young age, he had a good knowledge of all classics of Chinese literature, which contributed to his later becoming a most important poem master in Chinese history. Not interested in fame and wealth, most of Lin Bu’s adult life was devoted to traveling and idling among waters and mountains, in doing so, having provided inspirations for his poems which gained him national fame. Although having been offered prestigious government posts, he refused them all.

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Ji Gong (1127-1279)

Ji Gong is a legendary figure during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and probably the best known monk in China. Born to a military advisor in present Zhejiang Province under the name of Li Xiuyuan, he became a Buddhist monk in Lingyin Temple after both parents died at the age of 18. There he was mentored by the eminent monk Huiyuan and was given the monastic name Daoji. However, for his wild and eccentric behaviours of openly violating the Buddhist monastic rules such as consuming wine and meat, he was later expelled and since then, he have been roamed the street. In spite of his eccentric behaviours, Ji Gong was extremely knowledgeable and benevolent, and was always ready to help others.

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