Liu Songnian (about 1155 - 1218), a native of Qiantang (now Hangzhou of Zhejiang Province), is a famous imperial painter ranked among ‘Four Masters of the Southern Song Dynasty’. He is an expert in capturing essence of figures and landscapes in paintings. His paintings span a broad range of contents, some portraying the nature’s beautiful scenery, some reflecting the injustice of the society, some serving as a compliment to national heroes and some showing his political opinions etc.
Zhao Zhiqian (1829 - 1884) is a noted calligrapher, seal-engraver and painter of the Qing Dynasty and was born in Shaoxing City of Zhejiang Province. All his life, he had been pursuing improvements in skills in poem, calligraphy, seal engraving and painting, in doing so, made him one of the best among his contemporaries. He successfully refined the techniques initiated by masters before him and managed to create his own style which is admired even now.
Wu Changshuo (September 12, 1844 - November 29, 1927) is a prominent painter, calligrapher and seal artist of the late Qing Dynasty of China. As a painter, he is renowned as 'Four Leading Masters of Shanghai-School Painting'. As a seal artist, he is the first leader of Xiling Seal-engravers’ Society, an academic organization for Hangzhou-based seal artists which still show its charm in the Solitary Hill of West Lake, Hangzhou.