Official Website of Hangzhou Municipal Bureau of Culture, Radio, TV and Tourism
Liangzhu Ancient City Relics

Liangzhu Ancient City Relics

On Beijing’s local time July 6, 2019, at the 43rd conference of UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, the Liangzhu Ancient City relics in Yuhang District, Hangzhou was successfully inscribed on the UNSECO World Heritage list, which symbolizes that the solid evidence of Chinese five-thousand-year civilization was widely approved by the UNSECO and mainstream international academic world.
Liangzhu Ancient City Relics
 

The Past and Present of Liangzhu Ancient City Relics

 

November to December, 1936

Shi Xin’geng, a clerk from West Lake Museum (the current Zhejiang Provincial Museum) undertook three archeological excavations in open country and unearthed a large number of black ceramics and stoneware from the Neolithic Period, which has turned over the first page of the work of Liangzhu relics’ archeological excavations. For over eighty years, generations of archeologists have worked hard on this magic land, which finally led to the uncovering of relics of Liangzhu civilization which had been buried underground for four thousand years.

 

1959

Liangzhu Culture, which was named after Liangzhu relics, was confirmed.

 

2007

Liangzhu Ancient City was discovered. It covers an area of roughly 6.3 sq km and inside it were found over 100 different kinds of historical relics, including imperial palaces, imperial city, outer city, imperial tombs, large sacrificial altar, storage zone, artisan zone, eight water city gates and one land city gate. With outer water conservancy system included, Liangzhu Ancient City is as large as 100 sq kilometers, the currently-known largest city at that time.

 

2015

Liangzhu Ancient City’s peripheral water conservancy system built 5000 years ago by Liangzhu people was discovered and confirmed. It is currently the earliest damn for flood protection in the world and also the earliest water conservancy project in China, which rewrites the history of Chinese water conservancy.

 

2019

Liangzhu Ancient City Relics was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage.

Where to Know about Liangzhu Culture

The ancient ruins of Liangzhu Ancient City are large in scale, complex in type and rich in connotation. The overall value of the heritage is jointly carried by the artificial remains elements such as the city site, the peripheral water conservancy system, the graded cemetery (including the altar) and the unearthed artifacts represented by Liangzhu jade ware. The spatial layout is centered on the city site, and the graded cemetery (including the altar) is distributed on terraces in Yaoshan, about 5 kilometers northeast of the city site, and Fanshan, Jiangjiashan, Wenjiashan, and Bianjiashan terraces within the city site. In the area from 2 km north of the city to 11 km west of the city, there is distributed peripheral water system.

What Liangzhu Culture Have?

Besides the immovable manmade heritages like the city site, water conservancy system, hierarchic tombs (including sacrificial altar), the findings mainly jade ware, as movable manmade heritages are also an indispensable element of Liangzhu Ancient City. The findings unearthed in Liangzhu Ancient City include jade ware, ceramic ware, stone ware, lacquer ware etc, whose total number reaches ten thousand. Among them, the number of jade ware totals 7000 and mainly unearthed in hierarchic tombs.


Let’s free our imagination and guess what the following were for in Liangzhu times? Flip the card to get the answer.

  •  

    Jade Yue

    Symbols of Emperors and Imperial Powers

  •  

    Jade Bi

    Symbols of Emperors and Imperial Powers

  •  

    Jade Zong

    Symbols of Emperors and Imperial Powers

  •  

    A string of jade pipes

    Jade pipes and jade beads is the largest in number among Liangzhu findings and are basic elments to make a jade hanging drop.

  •  

    Jade Bracelet

     

  •  

    Jade Pendant